Red-flowering currant – Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineum
At a Glance:
- Family: Grossulariaceae
- Plant Type: deciduous erect shrub
- Distribution: Pacific Coast, California to British Columbia, as far east as Idaho
- Habitat: widespread at low elevations in open or wooded areas
- Height: 9 feet tall
- Flower/Fruits: racemes (clusters) of small hot pink to red 5-petaled flowers. Fruits are black berries with a whitish-blue powdery wax covering.
- Flowering Season: March – June
- Leaves: lobed leaves that look like a grape leaf, deltoid-ovate. Green on top, with a lighter green underside.
- Generation: perennial
- Bark: reddish-brown
- Notable feature: fragrant when in bloom with nice fall color
- Subtaxa: our variety in Washington State is sanguineum, compared to glutinosum which is in Oregon and California.
Restoration and Conservation
Red-flowering currant tolerates poor soil and grows in sunny to partly shady areas making it a great landscaping or restoration shrub. Spring flowers provide a nectar source for hummingbirds, bees, and other pollinators. The berries are eaten by birds and mammals, and the leaves are eaten by deer and elk. Many moths and butterflies use the leaves as forage during the caterpillar stage.
Pacific Northwest tribes (Skagit, Salish, Quileute, Hoh and many others) ate the berries. The berries were collected and eaten fresh, or dried and saved for winter months; sometimes they would be added to soups for flavoring.
References and Resources
- NAEB: http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=ribes+sanguineum
- USDA: https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/ribes_sanguineum.shtml
- WTU Image Herbarium: http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Ribes%20sanguineum
This article was written by Sarah Verlinde-Azofeifa. For questions regarding the EERC Native Plant Guided Tour, contact Sarah at email@example.com.